That same year, Israeli forces launched artillery shells containing white phosphorus in the northern part of the besieged Gaza Strip during the 2009 war with Hamas. Shouldn't it be band or designated as a chemical weapon as to avoid the use of this in war. Around 200 of these shells were fired in the northern Gaza Strip … Fire and smoke consumed the house, immediately killing two of Razia’s sisters as they slept side by side. It is usually dispersed by explosive munitions. 190, Project A 5.2-l.). © 2019 Copyright ARIJ. "It fired white phosphorus repeatedly over densely populated areas, even when its troops weren't in the area and safe smoke shells were available. This mixture was known as \"Fenian fire\" and allegedly was used by disgruntled itinerant workers in Australia to cause delayed destru… During Israel's three-week-long offensive on Gaza launched on 27 December, the Israeli army used internationally banned weapons according to foreign military and medical experts. 23-28).While initially denying use of it as an incendiary device against targetted personnel, the US Pentagon spokesman later admitted to the BBC such use in Fallujah (). When I knocked it off her, it exploded and out came this heavy white smoke with a very bad smell.' http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-fg-phosphorus12-2009jan12,0,2138761.story. Israel initially denied having used … We fired ‘shake and bake’ missions at the insurgents, using WP to flush them out and HE to take them out.' (TF 2-2 IN FSE AAR: Indirect Fires in the Battle of Fallujah, By Captain James T. Cobb, First Lieutenant Christopher A. LaCour and Sergeant First Class William H. Hight, Field Artillery, March-April 2005, pp. -- Israel is using white-phosphorus, a chemical that burns away human flesh to the bone, in shelling the densely-populated Gaza Strip, in a violation of international humanitarian laws, a leading international rights group said. "When the phosphorus comes in contact with living tissue it … Human Rights Watch called on the UN secretary-general, Ban Ki-moon, to launch an international commission of inquiry to investigate allegations of violations of international law in the Gaza war by the Israeli military and Hamas, the Palestinian Islamist movement that controls Gaza. "These shells were used for specific operational needs only and in accord with international humanitarian law. We fired ‘shake and bake’ missions at the insurgents, using WP to flush them out and HE to take them out.' (TF 2-2 IN FSE AAR: Indirect Fires in the Battle of Fallujah, By Captain James T. Cobb, First Lieutenant Christopher A. LaCour and Sergeant First Class William H. Hight, Field Artillery, March-April 2005, pp. Human Rights Watch says Israel has shot air bursts artillery-fired white phosphorus. David Cronin 4 February 2015 Human Rights Watch said the Israeli military often used the weapon even in areas where there were no Israeli troops on the ground, which it said, "strongly suggests that the IDF [Israel Defence Forces] was not using the munition for its obscurant qualities but rather for its incendiary effect". WP was used to 'flush' insurgents out to kill them using other munitions: 'WP proved to be an effective and versatile munition. “Human rights” organizations, the press, and Palestinians are conflating—mixing together—a smoke shell and a munition. Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Richland, Washington.). Gaza phosphorus casualties relive Israel's three-week war Special Report: Tim Butcher in Gaza City argues why the true story about Israel's use of phosphorus shells may never emerge. Parts Protocol III relevantb to use of WP in Gaza include these: Article 1: 'Incendiary weapon' means any weapon or munition which is primarily designed to set fire to objects or to cause burn injury to persons through the action of flame, heat, or combination thereof, produced by a chemical reaction of a substance delivered on the target. Sudden death after phosphorus burns: experimental observations of hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and electrocardiographic abnormalities following production of a standard white phosphorus burn. The rights group studied six cases in detail in which 12 civilians were killed and dozens more were injured. On Tuesday a mortar shell fired from. In: Tietz NW, ed. In one case, witnesses described how a white phosphorus shell hit a car in Tel al-Hawa, in south-eastern Gaza City, killing a bank manager, his wife and two of their children on 15 January. The use of WP against civilians was banned in the 1980 convention titled 'Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects' (entered into force in December 1983 and is an annex to the Geneva Conventions 1949). White phosphorus in Gaza: the victims Ayman al Najar, 13, tells how he lost his sister, grandfather and cousin in a bomb attack on 14 January in Khoza'a, southern Gaza. WP substance is now known to cause what is known as phossy jaws (a degenerative condition affecting the soft tissue, bones, and teeth of the oral cavity) which has resulted in deaths due to secondary septicemias (Ward EF. The hospital, attacked on January 12th with a chemical bomb that may well be white phosphorus and which set fire to the roof, and whose 4 different buildings were shelled intensely on January… Read More the white phosphorous bombed and machine-gunned Wafa rehabilitation hospital. • In one case, Israel even ignored repeated warnings from UN staff before hitting the main UN compound in Gaza with white phosphorus shells on 15 January. The report states that the military used white phosphorous bombs in civilian areas, with at least twenty phosphorous shells fired by a reserve paratroops brigade into a densely packed area of Beit Lahiya. It was like a block of fire, a piece of plastic on fire. Burns 17:198-200.; cited in CDC document http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp103-c2.pdf). [1] White phosphorus can be used legally in some battlefield situations; Israel’s use of it during the 2009 Operation Cast Lead in Gaza drew war-crimes allegations from the … Initially the US forces claimed that they used WP just 'to illuminate enemy positions at night, not [directed] at enemy fighters' but and sent mixed signals about whether it considers it an incendiary devise or not and whether insurgents are targeted by the devise or it is merely used as a spectacular light and smoke devise (http://www.america.gov/st/washfile-english/2005/November/20051201140216mvyelwarc0.787594.html ). These authors documented congestion, edema, and hemorrhages in the lungs of effected animals. White phosphorus can cause severe injuries, burning directly through skin and bone. Other common names include WP, and the slang term "Willie Pete," which is dated from its use in Vietnam, and is still sometimes used in military jargon. However, its use is regulated even by customary international law. We concluded that in Gaza, white phosphorus was likely used to harass and terrorise citizens in order to clear neighbourhoods, rather than as a ‘smoke screen’, as the Israeli military had claimed. The American 155mm M110A1 artillery shell is a white phosphorus MUNITION. The claim that smoke shells were used indiscriminately, or to threaten the civilian population, is baseless.". The white phosphorus landed next to some fuel trucks and caused a large fire which destroyed tons of humanitarian aid. Most of the Israeli military's white phosphorus in Gaza was fired in 155mm artillery shells, each containing 116 wedges soaked with the chemical. It’s full to the brim with solid white phosphorus. The Israeli military has defended its conduct in Gaza in the face of mounting allegations of serious violations of international law and said its soldiers did not intentionally target civilians. White phosphorus grenades were used in Vietnam for destroying Viet Cong tunnel complexes as they would burn up all oxygen and suffocate the enemy soldiers sheltering inside. Philadelphia: W.B. Phosphorus al… A Amnesty took the unprecedented step of calling for the U.S. to suspend its military aid to Israel. It is used by the military because it interacts with oxygen producing fire and smoke and can act both as a smokescreen, marking enemy areas and also to terrorize enemy combatants to leave fox holes and tunnels into more open areas where standard ammunition can be used on them. Calls for an international war crimes investigation in Gaza are getting louder, especially over the issue of white phosphorus (WP) shells. White phosphorous is like napalm: one resident of Gaza described his daughter literally melting before his eyes when she was hit by the stuff during Israeli attacks. The same spokesperson explained that 'One technique is to fire a white phosphorus round into the position because the combined effects of the fire and smoke—and in some case the terror brought about by the explosion on the ground—will drive them out of the holes so that you can kill them with high explosives.' ()WP use is legal for purposes such as illumination and obscuring smoke, and the Chemical Weapons Convention does not list WP in its schedules of chemical weapons.Witnesses and analysis of the battlefield in Falluja revealed to Italian filmakers significant effects on the civilian population. Specially in … • It chose not to use alternative and less dangerous smoke shells. UN staff made repeated telephone calls to the Israeli military asking them to stop but, at about 10am, six shells hit the compound, three of which contained white phosphorus. E.A.T.P. Rinising with sodium bicarbonate solution helps neutralize acids. Israel has insisted that its use of white phosphorus in the conflict was permitted under international law and that it sought to avoid unnecessary civilian deaths in Gaza. What’s more, some of this white phosphorus was used in Israel’s invasion of Gaza at the end of 2008, known as Operation Cast Lead or, more appropriately, the Gaza Massacre. Such heat is produced by this reaction that the element bursts into a yellow flame and produces a dense white smoke. "In Gaza, the Israeli military didn't just use white phosphorus in open areas as a screen for its troops," said Fred Abrahams, a senior Human Rights Watch researcher. While initially denying use of it as an incendiary device against targetted personnel, the US Pentagon spokesman later admitted to the BBC such use in Fallujah (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4440664.stm). In the period 2008-2014, Zionist settler colonialists launched three aggressive wars against the Palestinians of the Gaza Strip: (1) Dec 2008-Jan 2009, (2) 14 Nov 2012, and (3) July-August 2014. In January, the Guardian found one such shell still smoking several days after it was fired, outside the home of the Abu Halima family in Atatra. The US Center for Disease Control states that it is reported to cause death an injury when inhaled, ingested, or had contact with the skin (whether after burns or without burning) http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp103-c2.pdf, The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) listed white phosphorus as a “Hazardous Air Pollutant” and requires spills of 1 pound or more to be reported to the EPA (Center for Disease Control report http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/tfacts103.html). Ghada Abu Halima, 21, who was gravely injured by IDF white phosphorus in Gaza. 'I went to put it out, but another one landed on Mayar, my baby daughter. Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology 10:314-330.). White phosphorus smoke: Its irritating concentration for man and its toxicity for small animals for one-hour exposures. THIS is what will burn you. When exposed to air, it spontaneously ignites and is oxidized rapidly to phosphorus pentoxide. Shouldn't it be band or designated as a chemical weapon as to avoid the use of this in war. ARCSL-TR-80013, AD-B051836L; White SA, Armstrong GC. White Phosphorus (P4) is a waxy fat soluble colorless or slightly yellow solid with a garlic smell that is not naturally occurring but is produced in the laboratory. Human Rights Watch found 24 spent white phosphorus shells in Gaza, all from the same batch made in a US ammunition factory in 1989 by Thiokol Aerospace. One teenage girl, Jamila Al-Habash, had both of her legs amputated and an interview with Dr. Raed Al-'Areeny from Al-Shaifa Hospital explained the need for amutation because of the WP adherence to and reaction with soft tissues penetrating even to the bones. Among the places worst affected by the use of white phosphorus was the UNRWA compound in Gaza City, at which Israeli forces fired three white phosphorus shells on 15 January. Israel used American-made white phosphorus shells in populated areas across the Gaza Strip. Azerbaijan and Armenia accused each other Wednesday of using weapons containing white phosphorus during weeks of recent fighting for control of the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Its civilian uses include production of phosphoric acid and phosphate based fertilizers. Israel's exclusions in signing: http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/NORM/4F63DC0452DC95BEC1256402003FD28B?OpenDocument). Hamza Abu Eltarabesh Gaza Strip 16 February 2016. Small pieces of … When burning particles of WP attach quickly remove all clothing affected to prevent skin contact. http://www.ccwtreaty.com/KeyDocs/ccwtreatytext.htm, http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/NORM/4F63DC0452DC95BEC1256402003FD28B?OpenDocument, http://www.ccwtreaty.com/KeyDocs/protocol3.html, The Geopolitical Status of Qalqiliya Governorate, Olive Harvest Season in Palestine: less land to harvest, less olive to pluck, Deir Jarir & Silwad: Two Palestinian villages Hammered by the Israeli Occupation, ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF ISRAELI MOVEMENT RESTRICTIONS ON THE MOBILITY OF PEOPLE AND GOODS IN THE WEST BANK 2019, Only Proper Disengagement is the Guarantee of Peace, Increasing Attacks in Jerusalem during the month of October 2011, Saplings and reservoirs are threatened with destruction under the pretext of preserving archaeology, بذريعة أنها منطقة أثرية .. الاحتلال يخطر بإزالة غراس وخزانات للمياه في بلدة الزاوية / محافظة سلفيت, الاحتلال يهدم منشأة صناعية في واد قبون شمال الخليل, Israel to lead expansion in five settlements in the oPt, The Israeli occupation attempts at Judaizing the Tulkarm archeological site of Deir Samara, Al-Khas and Al Nu’man villages suffocated by the Israeli colonization. no evidence the Jewish state was intentionally using phosphorus in a. questionable way, such as burning down buildings or consciously putting civilians at risk. This website has been produced with the assistance of the European Union. The US used WP in its wars from Vietnam to Iraq and has defended such use as legitimate. White phosphorus is a pyrophoric material, that is, it is spontaneously flammable). On Tuesday 13 January Israeli forces attacked Khoza’a, a small rural community east of Khan Yunis in the south of the Gaza Strip. The Israeli prime minister, Ehud Olmert, said at the time that "Hamas fired from the UNRWA site". 11 Jan 2009. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton greets employees as she arrives for her first day at the State Department in Washington, January 22, 2009. 23-28). It killed two brothers in a classroom and severely injured their mother and cousin. Other shells were … We used it for screening missions at two breeches and, later in the fight, as a potent psychological weapon against the insurgents in trench lines and spider holes when we could not get effects on them with HE (High Explosive) Rounds. 1987. Toxicology. This mixture was known as \"Fenian fire\" and allegedly was used by disgruntled itinerant workers in Australia to cause delayed destru… Report No. According to the CWC it is legal if it is used to produced obscuring smoke but this prohibition of the … Gaza was then pummeled for 22 days, its people visited with F-16s, drones, Hellfire missiles, artillery, and viciously incendiary white phosphorus shells. Gaza phosphorus casualties relive Israel's three-week war Special Report: Tim Butcher in Gaza City argues why the true story about Israel's use of phosphorus shells may never emerge. Phosphorus necrosis in the manufacture of fireworks. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/munitions/wp.htm). Human Rights Watch report claims Israel committed war crimes in its use of air-burst white phosphorus artillery shells. In another case, on 17 January, an artillery shell that had already discharged its white phosphorus hit a UN school in Beit Lahiya, where 1,600 civilians were sheltering. White phosphorus was used most often during World War II in military formulations for smoke screens, marker shells, incendiaries, hand grenades, smoke markers, colored flares, and tracer bullets.” (http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/munitions/wp.htm)). Razia's family had just finished breakfast when two white phosphorus shells crashed into their mud-brick home in Afghanistan ’s northeastern Kapisa province. The phosphorus burn – a preliminary comparative experimental study of various forms of treatment. Protocol III of the convention sets out prohibitions against use of incendiary weapons such as WP (Israel did not sign the protocol). These properties have give it both civilian and military uses. The report says: • Israel was aware of the dangers of white phosphorus. On the same day, at about 7.30am, Israeli artillery shells began falling near the main compound of the UN Relief and Works Agency in Gaza City, where 700 civilians were sheltering. Yousef Al-Helou reports from the Gaza Strip. Emove any visible chunks of WP using appropriate tools. 1935. Al-Jazeera TV reported on its use for several days between December 29-January 9 and aired footage of several civilian victims of white phosphorus bombs showing characteristic burns. The smoke that rose over Gaza five months ago wasn’t white phosphorus, but the goal was the same. We used it for screening missions at two breeches and, later in the fight, as a potent psychological weapon against the insurgents in trench lines and spider holes when we could not get effects on them with HE (High Explosive) Rounds. The form used by the military is highly energetic (active) and ignites once it is exposed to oxygen. When the carbon disulfide evaporated, the phosphorus would burst into flames, and probably also ignite the highly flammable carbon disulfide fumes. WP is a colorless to yellow translucent wax-like substance with a pungent, garlic-like smell. Saunders Co, 833-889.). White phosphorus is believed to have been first used by Fenian arsonists in the 19th century in the form of a solution in carbon disulfide. The 71-pages-long Human Rights Watch (HRW) report, entitled “Rain of Fire: Israel’s Unlawful Use of White Phosphorous in Gaza,” states that even before the group’s researchers were able to enter Gaza, they had watched from adjacent perimeter areas in Israel as white phosphorus bombs exploded in the air over densely-packed residential areas in the Gaza Strip. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon will present his report on the Gaza war to the UN General Assembly this week. -- Israel is using white-phosphorus, a chemical that burns away human flesh to the bone, in shelling the densely-populated Gaza Strip, in a violation of international humanitarian laws, a leading international rights group said. The Israeli army has insisted white phosphorus shells were only used to provide smoke screens for their advancing ground troops. Such an acceptance and application shall have in relation to that conflict the following effects: (i) The Geneva Conventions and this Convention and its relevant annexed Protocols are brought into force for the parties to the conflict with immediate effect; (ii) The said authority assumes the same rights and obligations as those which have been assumed by a High Contracting Party to the Geneva Conven-tions, this Convention and its relevant annexed Protocols; and. When Israel's use of white phosphorus emerged during the war, the military at first denied using the weapon, then said it only used weapons in accordance with international law. Pictures show alleged Israeli use of white phosphorus munitions on a UN compound. Quote:I really don't understand why people is surprised that Israel is using white phosphorus. White phosphorus burns in contact with oxygen and causes deep burns when it touches human skin, sometimes reaching to the bone. Evaluate and characterize mechanisms controlling transport, fate and effects of Army smokes in the aersol wind tunnel. The 71-pages-long Human Rights Watch (HRW) report, entitled “Rain of Fire: Israel’s Unlawful Use of White Phosphorous in Gaza,” states that even before the group’s researchers were able to enter Gaza, they had watched from adjacent perimeter areas in Israel as white phosphorus bombs exploded in the air over densely-packed residential areas in the Gaza Strip. How a war criminal can veto aid to Gaza . US-made weapons prevent Gaza man from seeing his son. Israel says it is to stop using artillery shells containing white phosphorus, which it was criticised for during the 2008-09 Gaza conflict. It is used against vehicles, petroleum, oils and lubricants (POL) and ammunition storage areas, and enemy observers. The group said it found no evidence that Hamas fighters used Palestinian civilians as human shields - a key Israeli claim - in the area at the time of the attacks it researched. UN pictures show what appears to white phosphorus 'wedges' raining down on one of its compounds in Gaza 23 Jan 2009 There is one ring binder for the 48 members of the Samuni family killed in the Gaza offensive, and another for the six members of the Abu Halima family burned by white phosphorus shells. 'WP proved to be an effective and versatile munition. These is obviously more common in combat use of large amounts in shells as compared to usual spills or pollution from industrial production WP chunks may be shielded from oxygen (hence burning) either by falling into water that has little oxygen content or simply as pieces of solids that can linger in the environment for years without reacting or as intermediary combustion products (partial combustion) especially in soils or environments with limited oxygen content. Julia Gillard, the Acting Prime Minister, angered Palestinian supporters over her refusal to condemn Israel's bombing campaign in which white phosphorus was used. An Amnesty International fact-finding team arrived in Gaza and reported finding evidence of the widespread use of white phosphorus munitions, including still-burning wedges of phosphorus, in heavily populated areas. When WP burns in the air in conditions of high oxygen, it generates smoke with an average aerosol mass concentration between 2,500 and 3,000 mg/m3, with the major components being polyphosphates, phosphine, and elemental phosphorus (Van Voris P, Cataldo DA, Ligotke MW, et al. Patients who survive for more than a week usually exhibit significant changes in fat and protein metabolism (including fatty degeneration) and severe jaundice (Blanke RV. UN officials have said that the main UN compound in Gaza has been hit with shells containing the incendiary agent white phosphorus. He said senior commanders should be held to account. 'Height of burst' calculations over an image of Rafah, Gaza (Iyad El … It said the Israeli military used white phosphorus in a "deliberate or reckless" way. Other shells were photographed during the war with markings showing they were made in the Pine Bluff Arsenal, also in America, in 1991. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4440664.stm, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-forces-used-chemical-weapon-in-iraq-515551.html, http://www.rainews24.rai.it/ran24/inchiesta/en/video.asp, http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp103-c2.pdf, http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-fg-phosphorus12-2009jan12,0,2138761.story, http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/01/10/israel-stop-unlawful-use-white-phosphorus-gaza. Later it announced an internal inquiry, led by a colonel, would be held. We all know that the United States is backing them up and that their military consider it to be a very effective and versatile munition. Israel has admitted for the first time to “using munitions containing white phosphorus” during its offensive on the Gaza Strip in December 2008 … White phosphorus is a material made from a common allotrope of the chemical element phosphorus that is used in smoke, tracer, illumination and incendiary munitions. Read more about US-made weapons prevent Gaza man from seeing his son . "Based on the findings at this stage it is already possible to conclude that the IDF's use of smoke shells was in accordance with international law," it said. Israel's military fired white phosphorus over crowded areas of Gaza repeatedly and indiscriminately in its three-week war, killing and injuring civilians and committing war crimes, Human Rights Watch said today. Human Rights Watch found 24 spent white phosphorus shells in Gaza, all from the same batch made in a US ammunition factory in 1989 by Thiokol Aerospace. Use cold water to rinse and extinguish any areas of skin or clothing effected. White Phosphorus (P4) is a waxy fat soluble colorless or slightly yellow solid with a garlic smell that is not naturally occurring but is produced in the laboratory. It can be fired with fuze time to obtain an airburst. Palestinian civilians and medics run to safety during an Israeli strike using phosphorus shells at a UN school. …,Israel's exclusions in signing: )Protocol III of the convention sets out prohibitions against use of incendiary weapons such as WP (Israel did not sign the protocol). Donetsk People's Republic. Razia was rushed to a local Afghan army base, which could do little to help. The Israeli Government denies accusations of using white phosphorus but what is our proof that they are certainly not using this or if they are, it does not violate the Chemical Weapons Convention? Parts Protocol III relevantb to use of WP in Gaza include these: 'Concentration of civilians' means any concentration of civilians, be it permanent or temporary, such as in inhabited parts of cities, or inhabited towns or villages, or as in camps or columns of refugees or evacuees, or groups of nomads. The Israeli Government denies accusations of using white phosphorus but what is our proof that they are certainly not using this or if they are, it does not violate the Chemical Weapons Convention? Human Rights Watch also reported the same case. Missiles containing white phosphorus were deployed. The most notable exclusion of the main text was Article 7 paragraph 4 which reads: Treaty relations upon entry into force of this Convention: This Convention, and the annexed Protocols by which a High Contracting Party is bound, shall apply with respect to an armed conflict against that High Contracting Party of the type referred to in Article 1, paragraph 4, of Additional Protocol 1 to the Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949 for the Protection of War Victims: (a) Where the High Contracting Party is also a party to Additional Protocol 1 and an authority referred to in Article 96, paragraph 3, of that Protocol has under-taken to apply the Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol 1 in accord-ance with Article 96, paragraph 3, of the said Protocol, and undertakes to apply this Convention and the relevant annexed Protocols in relation to that conflict; or. Tonight the Israeli military said its investigation into the use of white phosphorous was still under way, but insisted its use of what it called 155mm "smoke shells" was legal. White Phosphorus can be used to destroy the enemy's equipment or to limit his vision. 1971. On one occasion during the conflict, the shells set ablaze a UN school where civilians were seeking shelter. White Phosphorus and its use in Gaza. Phosphorus is a poisonous substance, white-yellowish, similar to wax, that is used in mortar shells and hand grenades. White phosphorus burns can be lethal due to absorption of WP from the burned surface “which may result in multi-organ failure (mainly liver and kidneys), hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, and electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities (ST depression, QT elongation, microvoltage of QRS and bradycardia) (Bowen TE, Whelan TJ Jr, Nelson TG. British soldiers also made extensive use of white phosphorus grenades during the Falklands War to clear out Argentinepositions as the peaty soil they were constructed on tended to lessen the impact of fr… WP can be used as an aid in target location and navigation. Medics in Gaza say they have treated more than 50 people suffering burns caused by controversial white phosphorus shells, a claim backed up by a report of the New York-based Human Rights Watch. Q & A on Israel’s Use of White Phosphorus in Gaza Since the beginning of Israel’s ground offensive in Gaza on January 3, 2009, there have been numerous media reports about the … Israel using white phosphorus in Gaza. Ann Surg 174:779-784.; Eldad A. Simon GA. 1991. During these aggressive wars, the Israeli military used a number of American-made forbidden weapons: White Phosphorus, GBU-39 Shells, DIME bombs, Flechette Shells, Vacuum bombs, and […] Loay Subuh, blinded at age 9 by phosphorus bomb, wants to be example of steadfastness for others. Footage released also show the characteristic images of shelling in neighborhoods with WP, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UVY4NUKowzg, http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2009/01/200911114222894141.html, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vq-b_40IKfs, On January 12, 2009, Human Rights Watch issued a report demanding Israel stop using WP, (http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/01/10/israel-stop-unlawful-use-white-phosphorus-gaza). The Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem. Eine Phosphorbombe enthält ein Gemisch aus weißem Phosphor und Kautschuk und wird als Brandbombe und als Nebelkampfstoff eingesetzt. The High Contracting Party and the authority may also agree to accept and apply the obligations of Additional Protocol 1 to the Geneva Conventions on a reciprocal basis.
Snow In Jersey, Presto Microwave Bacon Cooker, Pet Botanics Training Reward Ingredients, Smoking Pipe Damper, August Break In Nigeria 2020, Serkan çayoğlu Halka,