Size. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy. [5], Though A. rubrum is usually easy to identify, it is highly changeable in morphological characteristics. The leaves are less like the classic maple, more closely resembling the leaves of ivies or ash trees (another common name for this plant is ivy-leaved maple). But unbeknownst to most people, there is a way to make all Maple trees keep their leaves the year around. Still, when planting the species Acer rubrum, you would benefit by selecting only varieties which have been grown from seed sources in your area and this maple may not do well in the southernmost USDA Plant Zone 9. [15] Fertilization has also been shown to significantly increase the seed yield for up to two years after application. The color display from the Japanese Maple Bonsai is spectacular. Inc. VAT; Exc. The shades of these maple tree leaves will vary a little in the shade of purple, sometimes dark almost black and sometimes a little more on the red side. Well-suited for use as a small lawn tree. The bark is a pale grey and smooth when the individual is young. [8] Its ability to thrive in a large number of habitats is largely due to its ability to produce roots to suit its site from a young age. Their fall colour is unimpressive. The Crimson King maple is the only maple that keeps its reddish-purple leaves all summer long. This species can be a small tree or large shrub. There are about 128 species of maple trees in the Acer plant genus. Acer rubrum, the red maple, also known as swamp, water or soft maple, is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern and central North America. Red Maple. If given the space it can grow to more than 15m (50ft) in height with an oval shaped crown that can almost be as wide as it is tall. Below is a partial list of cultivars:[22][23], In the lumber industry Acer rubrum is considered a "soft maple", a designation it shares, commercially, with silver maple (A. saccharinum). The red maple tree grows at a moderate to rapid rate. Name: Acer rubrum. In good light and moisture conditions, the seedlings can grow 30 cm (0.98 ft) in their first year and up to 60 cm (2.0 ft) each year for the next few years, making it a fast grower.[8]. Select a variety below to get all the details, prices and see more photos. 96 118 3. 1,102 Free images of Red Maple Leaf. Many parts of the red maple live up to the name. In total it ranges 2,600 km (1,600 mi) from north to south. The following cultivars are completely male and are highly allergenic, with an OPALS allergy scale rating of 8 or higher:[17], The following cultivars have an OPALS allergy scale rating of 3 or lower; they are completely female trees, and have low potential for causing allergies:[17], The leaves of red maple, especially when dead or wilted, are extremely toxic to horses. Its flowers, petioles, twigs and seeds are all red to varying degrees. With attention given to their location in the garden and some minimal care, they will thrive and increase in beauty every year. Other varieties include burgundy lace, ever red, moonfire, nigrum, red filigree lace and sherwood flame. The red leaved is perhaps the most popular with its display of brilliant red leaves in the spring and summer. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be loamy-sandy to loamy. Here are some of the best cultivars of red maple: The leaves: deciduous, opposite, long-petioled, blades 6-10 cm long and usually about as wide, with 3 shallow short-pointed lobes, sometimes with two smaller lobes near the base, dull green and smooth above, lighter green or silvery beneath and more or less hairy. But there are several other foliage plants that are red. One study compared the sap and syrup from the sugar maple with those of the red maple, as well as those of the Acer saccharinum (silver maple), Acer negundo (boxelder), and Acer platanoides (Norway maple), and all were found to be equal in sweetness, flavor, and quality. Some variability due to being raised from seed and not grafted. The roots are primarily horizontal, however, forming in the upper 25 cm (9.8 in) of the ground. [20], Red maples make vibrant and colorful bonsai, and have year around attractive features for display. Crimson King and Royal Red Maple. If you take a look at a picture of the hornbeam maple, its leaves are nothing like what you would expect from a maple. punctatum. Autumn Background Color. The stunning foliage holds its color well throughout summer, then turns a brilliant red in fall. This not only decreases oxygen delivery to all tissues, but also leads to the production of methemoglobin, which can further damage the kidneys. -Guy Sternberg. However, it is nonetheless common in mountainous areas on relatively dry ridges, as well as on both the south and west sides of upper slopes. Elk and white-tailed deer in particular use the current season's growth of red maple as an important source of winter food. In Florida, at the extreme south of the red maple's range, it is limited exclusively to swamplands. 172 241 17. Maple Maple Leaves. The U.S. Forest service recognizes it as the most abundant native tree in eastern North America. Red-Leaf Japanese Maple Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum' Sku #0070. Identification: Black spots that range in size from a pin-prick to size of a half dollar (4 cm).Some reports say that the spots can get as big as two inches. The advantage of having a red foliage plant in your garden is that, it gives your garden volume and colour. The shades of these maple tree leaves will vary a little in the shade of purple, sometimes dark almost black and sometimes a little more on the red side. They are borne on long slender stems and are variable in color from light brown to reddish. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 15 - 20 m (49 - 66 ft) high. In this context, the term "soft" is more comparative, than descriptive; i.e., "soft maple", while softer than its harder cousin, sugar maple (A. saccharum), is still a fairly hard wood, being comparable to black cherry (Prunus serotina) in this regard. [14] It grows on glaciated as well as unglaciated soils derived from the following rocks: granite, gneiss, schist, sandstone, shale, slate, conglomerate, quartzite, and limestone. As hardy as the rest of the maple family, the Crimson King thrives in zones 4 through 7. The sinuses are typically narrow, but the leaves can exhibit considerable variation. Red Leaf Hollow Farms, is a family owned and operated sugarbush nestled in the woods of Northern Vermont. Red maple transplants easily at any age, has an oval shape and is a fast grower with strong wood and grows into a medium-large tree of about 40' to 70'. The red maple tree grows in zones 3 to 9, the red maple tree is deciduous, and it loses its leaves every year in the fall then grows new leaves in the spring. Red maple is far more abundant today than when Europeans first arrived in North America. Container plants. Directed by Frank D'Angelo. Due to A. rubrum's very wide range, there is significant variation in hardiness, size, form, time of flushing, onset of dormancy, and other traits. The leaves of the red maple offer the easiest way to distinguish it from its relatives. It looks particularly good close to … River Birch Are a Favored Yard Tree in the Southern U.S. Fall color is deep red or yellow. Narrow Leaved Japanese Maple Acer palmatum Atrolineare Zone 5 Leaves are almost black red and are thin string like. A single tree between 5 and 20 cm (2.0 and 7.9 in) in diameter can produce between 12,000 and 91,000 seeds in a season. This tree can sometimes be confused with red-leaved cultivars of Norway maple. Their are many varieties that offer color during the growing season as well. Ambassador, no matter what the cost. The buds form in fall and winter and are often visible from a distance due to their large size and reddish tint. A deciduous tree, The Japanese Maple will lose some or all of its leaves during the winter. [6], The flowers are generally unisexual, with male and female flowers appearing in separate sessile clusters, though they are sometimes also bisexual. While mainline forest trees continue to dominate mesic sites with rich soil, more marginal areas are increasingly being dominated by red maple. To have the best chance of getting a red maple that has red leaves in autumn would be by buying the red maple variety called Red Sunset. The tree itself is considered polygamodioecious, meaning some individuals are male, some female, and some monoecious. Maple Tree Tar Spot. [16], Red maple's maximum lifespan is 150 years, but most live less than 100 years. In northern Michigan and New England, the tree is found on the tops of ridges, sandy or rocky upland and otherwise dry soils, as well as in nearly pure stands on moist soils and the edges of swamps. An American native, red maple forms a handsome oval crown of bright green leaves that turn fiery red in autumn. In contrast, the leaves of the related silver maple, A. saccharinum, are much more deeply lobed, more sharply toothed and characteristically have 5 lobes. The staminate flowers contain between 4 and 12 stamens, often with 8. At the same time, they are tolerant of drought due to their ability to stop growing under dry conditions by then producing a second growth flush when conditions later improve, even if growth has stopped for 2 weeks.[8]. This tree can sometimes be confused with red-leaved cultivars of Norway maple. Red Maple tree image by Mr. D from Fotolia.com. The upper side of A. rubrum's leaf is light green and the underside is whitish and can be either glaucous or hairy. Toward its southern limit, 'Fireburst', 'Florida Flame', and 'Gulf Ember' are preferred. Maples flower in late winter or early spring, in most species with or just after the appearance of the leaves, but in some before the trees leaf out. It grows well from sea level to about 900 m (3,000 ft). A red maple will have rather large leaves and grows to great heights with a large trunk base. Pixie will grow to about 6 … The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. With James Caan, Kris Kristofferson, Martin Landau, Paul Sorvino. Like A. saccharum, the wood of red maple is close-grained, but its texture is softer, less dense, and has not as desirable an appearance, particularly under a clear finish. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Ten Most Common Trees in the United States", "Eastern Forests Change Color As Red Maples Proliferate", Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "RHS Plant Selector Acer rubrum 'October Glory' AGM / RHS Gardening", "Autumn's Harbinger: Acer rubrum 'Schlesingeri, "Heating With Wood: Species Characteristics and Volumes". Due to its attractive fall foliage and pleasing form, it is often used as a shade tree for landscapes. Overall, Summer Red Maple delivers a spectacular fall color display. 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