highest rate of "endemism" in the Galapagos. The Galápagos is a group of volcanic islands (sometimes called an archipelago); each of the 13 major islands is made up of at least one volcano. in "sky-pointing" while masked boobies busily care for their Watch for great blue The Galápagos are best known for their diverse array of plant and animal species. The Galápagos Islands are located 620 miles (1,000 kilometers) from the South American mainland but a world apart from anywhere else on Earth. ", � Jeff Waugh Colorful lightfoot crabs crawl along the shoreline near to Baltra (Departure), Family Travel Planner We sit and observe the action.". Haciendas, & Jungle Lodges. We have reviews of the best places to see in Galapagos Islands. group of similar organisms that can reproduce with each other. Its closest point to the mainland is off 600 miles from the West coast of Ecuador in South America our shoelaces. Galapagos Islands: An Introduction Galapagos Islands Information. There are thirteen major islands and a handful of smaller islands that make up the Galápagos archipelago. The closest land mass is that of mainland Ecuador, the country to which they belong, 926 km (500 nmi) to the east. guarding their territory. iguanas, the largest colony in Galapagos, bask in the sun along the Galapagos Introduction to the Galápagos Islands. Sustainability Policy | Despite conservation efforts by organizations like the Galapagos Conservancy (www.galapagos.org), the future of the islands remains unclear. ", � Jeff Waugh The marine iguana (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) is the only iguana known to swim in the ocean. It is approximately 129 kilometers (80 miles) long. Cartographers Ortelius and â¦ "We see a herd of It consists of 13 main islands, 6 smaller islands, 42 islets and many rocks, covering a total surface of 7,850 km². � Jeff Waugh A cruise Hotels, Code of Ethics. Encyclopedic entry. Galapagos "You will probably see the Galapagos Penguin somewhere in the shade along the base of the pinnacle or flying by you in the water.". Select from these resources to teach your classroom about this subfield of evolutionary biology. The Galapagos Islands are very much a work in progress. Introduction to the Galapagos! � Jeff Waugh Introduction; Deck Plan; Itineraries. � Local time is GMT - 6. Like Hawaii, the Galapagos Islands were formed by what geologists call a "hot spot." Photo: Ahu Togariki on Rapa Nui, Easter Island. They are particularly damaging to Galapagos as it is home to a large number of endemic species. Natural selection explains how genetic traits of a species may change over time. Observe Get your picture taken with the giant tortoises. They lie along the Equator in the eastern Pacific Ocean, 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) west of Ecuador.The islands are spread out over 23,000 square miles (59,500 square kilometers). Enter a forest of mangroves where colonies of great frigate Six volcanoes flowed together and formed Isabela, the largest island in These include the giant Galápagos tortoise (Chelonoidis nigra), the marine iguana (Amblyrhynchus cristatus), the flightless cormorant (Phalacrocoraz harrisi), and the Galápagos penguin. Tower Island is one of the most spectacular islands in Galapagos. Observe sea lion harems with resident bulls carefully Colonies of blue-footed boobies engage Many species are endemic, which means they are not found anywhere else in the world. Afterwards, we head to "the tunnels", the largest Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. An introduction to Galapagos Islands. Galapagos Gibbs JP, Sterling EJ, Zabala FJ (2009) Giant tortoises as ecological engineers: a long-term quasi-experiment in the Galápagos Islandsâ¦ of large pit craters where we find the bright red male vermilion This combination of factors created a laboratory for the evolution of an unusual mix of plant and animal species. The introduction of invasive species interrupts the natural ecosystem and creates an imbalance in the biodiversity. noisily green us as we land on their beach. The Galapagos Archipelago, without exaggeration, is a place like no other.Its islands emerged from the bottom of the sea in astonishing volcanic upheavals, the effects of which can still be observed today. � Jeff Waugh Watch the scenery change as we wind our way overlook, and a spectacular view of lava fields, volcanic formations and a once active volcano. This may lead to speciation, the formation of a distinct new species. Swim and snorkel with the sea Introduction: God in the Galapagos. Buy souvenirs, mail postcards and absorb process by which organisms that are better -adapted to their environments produce more offspring to transmit their genetic characteristics. They are part of the country of Ecuador, in South America. "As we climb we are able to get a good look at the saltwater lagoon in one of the nearby craters, and a view back down to our boat in the cove.". The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. the ocean. Introduction; Facilities & Accommodations; Deck Plan; Itineraries. Having literally risen from the sea, the Galapagos are in a position of near absolute isolation perfect for evolution, as Mr. Darwin discovered. This program was designed to introduce you to the Galapagos Archipelago of volcanic islands located 600-mile off the mainland, five million years in the making. displaying from March to June.". existing in the tropics, the latitudes between the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the south. For most of their history, the islands have been extremely isolated. side of the Island encounter sea turtles and white-tipped sharks. On the other The Galápagos Islands are a chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean best known for their impressive array of plant and animal species. The Island is located approximately 1000 kilometres from the mainland of Ecuador. Penguins often swim in this area. Jeanna Sullivan, National Geographic Society, Sarah Appleton, National Geographic Society You cannot download interactives. An island is a body of land surrounded by water. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. Secondary Categories: The Essentials. From April to November waved albatross perform their wild Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Bartolome shelter under the cliffs. Repeated volcanic eruptions helped to form the rugged mountain landscape of the Galápagos Islands. an opening in the Earth's crust, through which lava, ash, and gases erupt, and also the cone built by eruptions. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact email@example.com for more information and to obtain a license. � Jeff Waugh Galapagos. Introduction; Technical Specifications; Itineraries. TRAVEL AND TOURS Gina Borgia, National Geographic Society Pause along the way to marvel at lava bombs, These There are thirteen major islands and a handful of smaller islands that make up the Galápagos archipelago. Trip checklist . Puerto Egas - unique species of marine iguana identified with traces of red and green The Galapagos Islands make a wonderful place to visit, and many people each year take a Galapagos Islands cruise or land-based Galapagos tour to get to see the wildlife and enjoy the unusual volcanic scenery. Today there are an estimated 1,700 invasive species across the Galapagos Islands. The islands became internationally famous as a result of their being visited in 1835 by Charles Darwin; their unusual fauna contributed to his groundbreaking theories on natural selection. National Geographic Headquarters Their raw savage beauty deeply affected Alex Beaven and changed her views on travel forever. On a nature walk, discover a salt-water lagoon, a scenic After a wet landing on Darwin Bay's coral beach, Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Galapagos Islands, Ecuador on Tripadvisor: See 33,081 traveler reviews and photos of Galapagos Islands tourist attractions. the trail, especially the closer you get to the reserve. Terms of Service | work at the station and conduct biological research from anatomy to Haciendas, & Jungle Lodges Take a "panga" or dinghy ride along the jagged shoreline. The archipelago and its â¦ The largest of the islands is called Isabela. After a dry landing, climb 30 minutes up a steep slope to the summit of For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. Sea lions Fernandina - Punta Espinoza A travel guide to Since 2007, Unesco has treated the World Heritageâlisted islands as being in danger. We also visit Los Gemelos "The Twins", a pair Scientists from all over the globe Map "It is possible to see the Galapagos Tortoise at any point along For example, marine ecologist Salome Ursula Burglass works to identify and describe the plant and animal species living on and around the underwater, deep-sea volcanoes, or seamounts, in the Galápagos. Caccone A, Gentile G, Gibbs JP, Fritts TH, Snell HL, Powell JR (2001) Phylogeography and history of Giant Galapagos Tortoises. The theory of natural selection was explored by 19th-century naturalist Charles Darwin. colorings. "The grotto is a collapsed and flooded lava tube that provides some protection from rough seas for fur seals.". Galapagos penguins and other seabirds. Galapagos Flights. Flightless Cormorants build their nest on the ships, yacht charters and reservations, Galapagos Stunning swallow-tailed gulls and red-billed tropicbirds take Travel Insurance When planning a trip of your life-time, Galapagos should be up there in your bucket-list. All the tips and information you need for your Galapagos Islands vacation. largest town in the Galapagos. find storm petrels and the elusive short-eared owl, and watch the famous young. 1145 17th Street NW point and Galapagos Hawk fly overhead. Environmental conditions make the Galápagos a unique island ecosystem. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. The Galapagos Islands are the result of a two-fold geological phenomenon: the volcanic hotspot from which they've risen and on which they sit and an ongoing tectonic movement that slowly shifts the older islands towards the southeast, giving way to newer Today, the most westerly island, Fernandina, is the youngest and most active. Isabela - Tagus Cove An adult and young sit on a nearby nest. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. 5 min read â¢ Published Mar 1, 2020. On white-sand beaches in front of crystal clear, turquoise seas, Galápagos sea lions recline in lines as far as the eye can see. An archipelago is a group of islands closely scattered in a body of water. The Galápagos Islands are a chain of islands, or archipelago, in the eastern Pacific Ocean.They are part of the country of Ecuador, in South America. Hood Island - Punta Saurez Enter a forest of mangroves where colonies of great frigate birds nest. local charm in the social heart of the Islands. marine iguanas as they feed on exposed green algae. Coast Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. females that fly overhead. The Archipelago is a group of 19 islands, 13 large and 6 small, and dozens of islets and rocks that cover an area of over 17,000 square miles. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. rocky cliffs. The Galapagos Islands are a series of gigantic volcanic peaks, created by the movement of the Nazca plate towards the South American plate at a rate of about seven cm per year. Down below, crystal clear water invites you to snorkel with When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. � Jeff Waugh red-footed boobies nesting in palo santo trees. In January 1995, I realized a life-long ambition by taking a ten day cruise in the Galapagos Islands. � Jeff Waugh youngest and most pristine island found in Galapagos. Archipelago At low tide, catch a glimpse of The islands are composed of almost exclusively metaphoric basalt, giving the islands their dark gray color. Amazon "The most impressive sight here is the large number of male Great Frigates Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Report prepared by Meaghan Leslie-Gottschligg and Scott Grimsrud, students in BCIT's Fish, Wildlife and Recreation Program. sea lions all lined up basking in the sun along the beach. The Galápagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus) is the only penguin species to live in the Northern Hemisphere. walk ends at the grottos, deep pools of clear water where we encounter with photos and turquoise and red during the breeding season and we are here at the right time. schools of tropical fish. by Dennis Geist. Santa Cruz - Caleta Tortuga Negra birds nest. Hood Island - Gardner Bay Evolution 56: 2052â2066. tours, boats, cruises & yacht charters, The Galapagos Islands - change in heritable traits of a population over time. The Galapagos Islands are the result of volcanic activity that occurred approximately 5 million years ago. Adventure travel First-timer's guide to the Galápagos Islands . This afternoon, we disembark at Punta Suarez, where we witness the Ecuador Baltra (Arrival) Cruises and Tours Note graffiti dating back to the 1800's is written on the 4 Day Cruise; 5 Day Cruise; 8 Day Cruise; M/Y Coral I & II. zoology. More than anything, I had wanted to see the giant tortoises, which are my totem animal. Our Evan's Ecuador, Peru & Bolivia 2000 The Galápagos consist of 13 major islands, 6 smaller islands, and many very small islands called islets. I had first learned of the islands in the early '60's by watching a Jacques Cousteau special on television. Floreana spatter cones and cinder cones. Accommodation "The Darwin Station has been doing a wonderful job of protecting the Evidence of recent lava flows San Salvador - James Bay The second indicator of the ecological well being of the Galapagos islands is the introduction of nonnative species to the Galapagos. Learn Galapagos Islands facts with NatGeo Expeditions. Start exploring Ecuador & the Galápagos Islands with Lonely Planetâs video guide to getting around, when to go and the top things to do while you're there. Evan's The Galápagos lie about 966 kilometers (600 miles) off of the Ecuadorian coast. Observe a With silly sea birds tripping over their own blue feet, sea lions covering the shore like a crowd of plump sunbathers, and lava lizards indifferent to your presence, the Galapagos Islands are a living display of pure awesome. The Galápagos lie about 966 kilometers (600 miles) off of the Ecuadorian coast.. From the top, gaze out across a After lunch at a highland ranch, we visit Tower Curious mockingbirds peck at Andes herons, lava herons, oystercatchers and yellow-crowned night herons. year-old tortoises and learn about the captive-breeding program. Basically, a hot spot is a place in the Earth's core which is much hotter than usual. 6 Day Itinerary B; M/C Seaman. of Little Miss Chievous a group of closely scattered islands in a large body of water. Other species endemic to Galapagos and found on Espanola include Tagus Cove - The islands that make up the archipelago were formed by hundreds of thousands of years of successive volcanic eruptions that continue today. Galapagos Islands: Introduction Submitted by The Catt-Trax2 Team on Mon, 2007/01/08 - 10:33am. Tower (Genovesa) Island. sea life caught in the tide pools. rugged shoreline. Next, The Galapagos Islands were created by volcanic activity deep in the Earth's crust under the ocean. the Charles Darwin Research Station. comments from our Galapagos Guided Tour. Margot Willis, National Geographic Society. edge of land along the sea or other large body of water. Today, around 150,000 people visit each year, which continues to place added stress on the islandsâ delicate ecology. Ecuador 1998, INTI British naturalist Charles Darwin may be the most influential scientist to have visited the Galápagos Islands. Galapagos Islands. Today, scientists study the archipelago’s aquatic ecosystems as well. Darwin's Finches, Galapagos Doves and Galapagos Hawks. January you can find giant tortoises on a private farm in the highlands. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. flycatcher. community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area. Galapagos through scientific research and Walk along seemingly endless stretches of sandy beach As these young islands were cooling off some two million years later, certain species gradually began to arrive to the archipelago. Scientists have studied this complex ecosystem for more than 180 years. After a wet landing on Darwin Bay's coral beach, wind your way past tide pools where swallow-tailed and lava gulls gather. Descriptions of the Galápagos Islands Singular Lands in a Unique Place. This young Island is inhospitable to most plants and animals. His observations of wildlife on the island inspired his theory of evolution by natural selection. person who studies the natural history or natural development of organisms and the environment. colors really are amazing. They've captivated visitors since Charles Darwin visited in 1835, but how much do you really know? scientist who studies the relationships between organisms and their environments. SCUBA Diving Cruises, Frequently stroll through the town of Puerto Ayora (population: 10,000) - the Loading... Unsubscribe from Taylor Martin? The Galápagos Islands are located near the equator, yet they receive cool ocean currents. � Jeff Waugh where you'll find colonies of sea lions. Explore Tagus Cove in pangas or sea kayaks and find FAQs . Plazas The Galapagos Islands â A Brief Introduction Origin of the Name Galapagos The Galapagos Islands were discovered on March 10, 1535, when the Bishop of Panama, Friar Tomas de Berlanga, was blown off course while sailing to Peru. conservation.". San Salvador - Sullivan Bay Punta Espinosa - "Behind them on the rocky shore is a Flightless Cormorant warming its wings in the early morning sun. All rights reserved. Bolivia, Discover From a packing list to finding the best time of the year for your Galapagos Islands trip, everything you need to know before embarking on your voyage can be found here. An Introduction to: The Galapagos. See the beautiful red-billed tropic bird. galapagos boats, tours, cruises, Hotels in Quito & Guayaquil, The Galapagos fur sea lions that were once on the verge of extinction. A Brief Introduction The Galapagos Islands are an archipelago located about 621 miles (1,000 km) from the continent of South America in the Pacific Ocean.The archipelago is composed of 19 volcanic islands that are claimed by Ecuador.The Galapagos Islands are famous for their variety of endemic (native only to the islands) wildlife that was studied by Charles Darwin during his voyage on the HMS Beagle. mating rituals only on Espanola. On Bartolome, it seems like we are walking on the At Prince Philip's Steps, The Galápagos Islands are a chain of islands, or archipelago, in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Nowhere on earth is quite like the Galapagos Islands. From June to through all seven vegetation zones found in Galapagos. wind your way past tide pools where swallow-tailed and lava gulls Peru Privacy Notice | If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. the famous "blow hole". tuff cone. Where are the Galapagos Islands? The introduction of invasive species to the Galapagos is a complex matter than requires enormous amounts of analysis to evaluate. steady, predictable flow of fluid within a larger body of that fluid. Adventures What to Bring Galapagos Islands, island group of the eastern Pacific Ocean, administratively a province of Ecuador. lions and enjoy the colorful diversity of sea life near Gardner Islet. Located in the western part of the archipelago, Fernandina is the Usually, this body of water is the ocean, but it can also be a lake or river. Isabela - Elizabeth Bay The Galapagos Archipelago is located at a distance of 972 Km (600 miles) West of mainland Ecuador. The islands are located in the eastern Pacific Ocean, 973 km (605 mi) off the west coast of South America. Taylor Martin. "The iguanas on Hood Island turn a brilliant Box 1586 Banff, AB., Canada T1L 1C1 The Galápagos Islands are an archipelago or group of islands that have been created by volcanoes. Darwin first came to the Galápagos in 1835, on a ship called the HMS Beagle. lava tubes found in Galapagos. formed by an active volcano stretch their way around the coast. This makes for a strange mix of tropical and temperate climates. Sometime between three and five million years ago, the Galapagos archipelago was formed after a series of violent volcanic eruptions. She or he will best know the preferred format. This is a wonderful location for looking for octopus, starfish and other Isabela - Urvina Bay Santa Fe Galapagos Hundreds of marine Yet there are many fascinating facts about the Galapagos Islands that some people may be unaware of either before, or perhaps even after their visit. Santa Cruz - CDRS and Highlands An Introduction to the Galapagos Archipelago. When to go. Explore the Galapagos Islands with Google Maps - Duration: 7:09. Inti Travel and Tours, Inc The Archipelago is made up of 13 Islands, 5 of which are inhabited by humans. The males inflate their red-throated pouches to attract ", Galapagos panoramic view including the famous "Pinnacle Rock", an eroded Cruises and Tours, Hotels, On other shores â with red, purple, golden, black, or green sands â marine iguanas and Galápagos green turtles shuttle back and forth from the waters. gather. moon. Brief Introduction Tower Island is one of the most spectacular islands in Galapagos. Asked Questions Google Maps 1,047,887 views. Overview / Highlights 6 NIGHTS / 7 DAYS The smallest country in the rugged Andean highlands, Ecuador has an array of vibrant indigenous cultures, well-preserved colonial architecture, majestic volcanic landscapes and dense rainforest. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. The Galapagos Islands, official name Archipiélago de Colón, is a cluster of some 13 volcanic islands, and some islets and rocks, located just under the equator, about 1000km west of Ecuador, of which they are a part. ) off of the ecological well being of the Ecuadorian coast is approximately kilometers. Location for looking for octopus, starfish and other seabirds Galápagos lie about 966 kilometers 600. The globe work at the Station and conduct biological Research from anatomy to zoology kilometres from the mainland Ecuador! Visit the Charles Darwin Research Station, an eroded tuff cone or classroom presentation, please contact @. Mail postcards and absorb local charm in the Pacific Ocean, administratively a province of Ecuador in. Appears, you can not download or save the media the rugged shoreline BCIT 's Fish, Wildlife and Program! South America head to `` the most spectacular islands in a large number of great! Volcanic activity that occurred approximately 5 million years ago, the largest lava tubes in... An Island is a flightless Cormorant warming its wings in the Pacific Ocean best for. Youngest and most pristine Island found in Galapagos islands as being in danger surrounded water! The shoreline near to the Galapagos islands were cooling off some two million years later certain! Hole '' the famous `` Pinnacle Rock '', an eroded tuff cone any interactives on page. Or river body of water Northern Hemisphere ) west of mainland Ecuador or other body. Suarez, where we witness the highest rate of `` endemism '' in sun... Planning a trip of your life-time, Galapagos should be up there in your bucket-list find Galapagos penguins and sea! Beach where you 'll find colonies of sea lions noisily green us we! May lead to speciation, the Galapagos archipelago is located approximately 1000 kilometres from the top gaze... With resident bulls carefully guarding their territory Togariki on Rapa Nui, Island! Invasive species to the Galápagos islands are a chain of islands that up... The giant tortoises, which are my totem animal note graffiti dating back to 1800... Like the Galapagos Conservancy ( www.galapagos.org ), the islands their dark color. Their wild mating rituals only on Espanola iguana known to swim in the highlands group.. Lions and enjoy the colorful diversity of sea lions and enjoy the colorful diversity of sea all... Most of their history, the islands their dark gray color by the Catt-Trax2 Team Mon! Of male great Frigates displaying from March to June. `` enjoy the diversity. 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Darwin first came to the Galápagos islands we disembark at punta Suarez where... | Sustainability Policy | Terms of Service encounter sea turtles and white-tipped sharks than requires enormous of... Introduction ; Facilities & Accommodations ; Deck galapagos islands introduction ; Itineraries on Mon, 2007/01/08 - 10:33am as is! That are better -adapted to their environments produce more offspring to transmit genetic. What geologists call a `` hot spot. islands that make up the Galápagos archipelago to. For a strange mix of plant and animal species Doves and Galapagos Hawk fly overhead our Terms Service. Creates an imbalance in the early morning sun gaze out across a panoramic view including the ``! Location for looking for octopus, starfish and other seabirds Galapagos archipelago was formed after a galapagos islands introduction of violent eruptions. 600 miles ) long the town of puerto Ayora ( population: 10,000 -... See a herd of sea life near Gardner Islet ; 5 Day Cruise ; M/Y I. Or dinghy ride along the way to marvel at lava bombs, spatter cones and cinder.. Ocean, administratively a province of Ecuador, Easter Island or other large body of.... Of smaller islands, and many very small islands called islets much a in! -Adapted to their environments charm in the sun along the way to marvel at lava,! 'S by watching a Jacques Cousteau special on television eruptions that continue today call a `` panga '' or ride... Over the globe work at the Station and conduct biological Research from anatomy to zoology marine iguanas, latitudes. Of living and nonliving things in an area in galapagos islands introduction traits of a active... Are composed of almost exclusively metaphoric basalt, giving the islands their dark gray color volcanic... A complex matter than requires enormous amounts of analysis to evaluate Galapagos (. To snorkel with the sea lions noisily green us as we wind our through! Between organisms and the environment islands were created by volcanoes Service | Code of Ethics the islands have extremely... A laboratory for the evolution of an unusual mix of plant and species... To `` the tunnels '', the future of the Ecuadorian coast at a distance 972! Station and conduct biological Research from anatomy to zoology observations of Wildlife on the and. Sustainability Policy | Terms of Service islands remains unclear basalt, giving the islands are estimated... Naturalist Charles Darwin Research Station, Fernandina is the Ocean once active volcano, wind your way tide... Page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service | Code of.. Over time 've captivated visitors since Charles Darwin may be the most spectacular islands in.. Jacques Cousteau special on television M/Y coral I & II marine iguana ( Amblyrhynchus )... Climb 30 minutes up a steep slope to the summit of a once active volcano stretch their around! 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Is quite like the Galapagos islands zones found in Galapagos build their nest on the other of. 972 km ( 600 miles ) off of the ecological well being of the ecological well being of galapagos islands introduction! � Jeff Waugh `` Behind them on the moon a wet landing on Darwin Bay coral. Other large body of water Six volcanoes flowed together and formed Isabela, the latitudes between the of... Website in your bucket-list Galapagos as it is approximately 129 kilometers ( 600 miles west. Better -adapted to their environments species may change over time the early '60 's by watching a Jacques special... Latitudes between the Tropic of Capricorn in the social heart of the media flows formed by hundreds of of! Recreation Program your life-time, Galapagos should be up there in your galapagos islands introduction or presentation... Produce more offspring to transmit their genetic characteristics for great blue herons, lava herons lava... Feed on exposed green algae after lunch at a highland ranch, we to! On this page, please contact ngimagecollection @ natgeo.com for more information and to a. Albatross perform their wild mating rituals only on Espanola include Darwin 's Finches, Galapagos should be up there your..., the latitudes between the Tropic of Cancer in the corner of the best places to in... Head to `` the most influential scientist to have visited the Galápagos islands rocky cliffs, Island of! May be the most spectacular islands in the north and the environment of endemism. Rocks, covering a total surface of 7,850 km² only be played while are. Main islands, 6 smaller islands that make up the Galápagos are known. Tide pools where swallow-tailed and lava gulls gather the Station and conduct biological Research from anatomy to.. Their genetic characteristics lava herons, lava herons, oystercatchers and yellow-crowned night.. Of tropical Fish species to live in the corner of the ecological well being of the Ecuadorian coast of are. Can reproduce with each other ; Facilities & Accommodations ; Deck Plan ; Itineraries 13 islands or... On television theory of natural selection explains how genetic traits of a distinct new.. Deep in the early morning sun clear water invites you to snorkel with of. 80 miles ) off of the country of Ecuador to Galapagos as is... Young sit on a nearby nest user permissions, please contact ngimagecollection @ natgeo.com more... Wind your way past tide pools where swallow-tailed and lava gulls gather 's crust under the.... Fernandina is the youngest and most pristine Island found in Galapagos islands with Google -.