Encyclopedia of the Scientific Revolution: From Copernicus to Newton. [3] Although some of his friends again came to his aid, he was appointed to obtaining a teaching position for him, this was in the lowest class and attracted a stipend barely more than a pittance. He became Zürich's City Physician, but was able to spend much of his time on collecting, research and writing. [2] In 1537, at the age of 21, his publication of a Graecolatin dictionary led to his sponsors obtained for him the professorship of Greek at the newly founded academy of Lausanne (then belonging to Bern). (26 de marzo de 1516 - 13 de diciembre de 1565) fue un naturalista suizo. The book unlike many works of its time was illustrated with hand-colored woodcuts drawn from personal observations by Gessner and his colleagues.[32]. Through it, Gessner became known as the "father of bibliography." although he died prior to its publication his materials were utilised by many subsequent authors for the next two hundred years, these included some 1,500 engravings of plants and their important flowers and seeds, most of which were original. Conrad Gessner (also Konrad Gesner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. Gesneri...Historiae Animalium Liber II qui est de Quadrupedibus Oviparis: nunc denuo recognitus ac pluribus in locis ab ipso authore ante obitum emendatus & auctus atque aliguot novis iconibus & descriptionibus locupletatus ac denique brevibus in margine annotationibus illustratus: Su Historia Animalium en tres volúmenes (1555-1558) se considera el principio de la zoología moderna. Even though he sought to distinguish observed facts from myths and popular errors and was known for his accurate depiction of many animals in Historia animalium, he also included many fictional animals such as the Unicorn and the Basilisk, which he had only heard about from medieval bestiaries. [33] Later in 1556 he also combined real and fictional creatures in his edition of the works of Claudius Aelianus. Although the title indicated that twenty one parts were intended, only nineteen books were included. He went into as much detail about some unreal animals as he did about real ones. He died of the plague, the year after his ennoblement on 13 December 1565.[5]. It built a bridge between ancient, medieval and modern science.With 150 woodcuts total. Johann Conrad Gessner (no confundir con Johannes Gessner (1709-1790), o Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus) ( 26 de marzo de 1516 - 13 de diciembre de 1565) fue un naturalista y bibliógrafo suizo. Historia animalium ("History of the Animals"), published at Zurich in 1551–1558 and 1587, is an encyclopedic "inventory of renaissance zoology" by Conrad Gessner (1516–1565). Part 20, intended to include his medical work, was never finished and part 21, a theological encyclopaedia, was published separately in 1549. (.) Even though religious tensions were high, Gessner maintained friendships on both sides of the Catholic-Protestant divide. ... Conrad Gessners Thierbuch. Es zeigt erstmals die originalen Zeichnungen, die dem Schweizer Arzt und Naturforscher Conrad Gessner als Vorlagen für sein weltberühmtes »Thierbuch« dienten. [3][4], Throughout his life Gessner was interested in natural history, and collected specimens and descriptions of wildlife through travel and extensive correspondence with other friends and scholars. A fifth folio on snakes was issued in 1587. durch D. Cûnrat Furer (.) This book was considered to be the first modern zoological work. [25][4], A number of other works appeared after his death (posthumously), some long after (see Posthumous works). Conrad Gessner was a Renaissance polymath, a physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer, philologist, natural historian and illustrator. The woodcuts for the work were undertaken by Hans Asper, Johann Thomas, and Lukas Schrön. The name has a number of spellings including, Provincial governor and a leader of Swiss protestants, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFGessner1555 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTopsell1658 (, "3: Zurich lives in the latter part of the sixteenth century - The biography of Gesner by Simler", "Animal drawings collected by Felix Platter (1536-1614), part 2", "Moffett, Thomas (1553-1604) Insectorum, sive, Minimorum animalium theatrum", "Insectorvm Sive Minimorum Animalivm Theatrvm", Online Galleries, History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries, McCarthy, Eugene M. "Conrad Gesner. [36] He listed among his History of Animals sources more than 80 Greek authors and at least 175 Latin authors, as well as works by German, French, and Italian authors. Estableció la primera clasificación de las plantas en función de las flores y los frutos, describió numerosos animales y elaboró una relación de medicamentos. He could then retrieve and arrange the cuttings as needed. Johann Conrad Gessner, Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner o Conradus Gesnerus (26 de marzo de 1516-13 de diciembre de 1565) fue un naturalista y bibliógrafo suizo (no confundir con Johannes Gessner, 1709-1790). This was a revision of an original work by the Italian cleric, Varinus Phavorinus or Guarino of Favera (d. 1537), Magnum ac perutile dictionarium (1523). He was frequently the first to describe a species of plant or animal in Europe, such as the tulip in 1559. To his contemporaries he was best known as a botanist. He cut relevant passages out of books, grouped the cuttings by general theme, subdivided the groups into more specific categories, and boxed them. Reference: Nissen Thierbuch 59. Darin die Art /natur und eigenschafft aller vöglen (.) Entre sus contemporáneos fue reconocido especialmente como botánico, aunque sus manuscritos sobre esta materia no fueron publicados hasta bastante después de su muerte (en Núremberg, 1751-1771, 2 vols. [38] A year after his death, his friend Josias Simler published a biography of Gessner. After three years of teaching at Lausanne, Gessner was able to travel to the medical school at the University of Montpellier, where he received his doctoral degree (1541) from Basel. Johann Conrad Gessner , o Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus) foi un naturalista y bibliógrafu suizu. For Gessner’s Historia animalium, I have particularly benefitted from the insights in Laurent Pinon, ‘Conrad Gessner and the Historical Depth of. According to legend, when he knew his time was near, he asked to be taken to his library where he had spent so much of his life, to die among his favorite books. Conrad Gessner was a Renaissance polymath, a physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer, philologist, natural historian and illustrator. Conrad Gessner o en diferentes idiomas Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus y Conrado Gesnero. The flowering plant genus Gesneria and its family Gesneriaceae are named after him. Armadillo, hand-colored woodcut, Conrad Gessner, Thierbuch, 1563 (Linda Hall Library) Conrad Gessner, a Swiss naturalist, was born Mar. Conrad Gesner (* 26. marec 1516, Zürich, Švajčiarsko – † 13. december 1565, Zürich) (známy aj ako: Konrad Gessner, Konrad Geßner, Conrad Gessner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus) bol švajčiarsky lekár, prírodovedec, bibliofil, botanik, lekárnik a klasický filológ.. Patril k najznámejším a najvýznamnejším švajčiarskym prírodovedcom - polyhistorom. Johann Conrad Gessner, nado o 26 de marzo de 1516 e finado o 13 de decembro de 1565, tamén coñecido como Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conrad Gesner e Conradus Gesnerus (non confundir con Johannes Gessner, 1709-1790), foi un naturalista e bibliógrafo suízo.. A súa Historia Animalium en catro volmes (1551 - 1558) considérase como o fundamento da zooloxía moderna [33], Gessner has been described as the father of modern scientific botany and zoology, and the father of modern bibliography. Conrad Gesner (1516-1565) - Thierbuch - 1563/1563, History, Illustrated, Natural History, Physics, Science (general) - Quantity: 1 - Considered the first Modern Zoological work - with 150 woodcuts - Book, Bid on over 65,000 special objects every week, selected by {experts_count} experts. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus named Tulipa gesneriana, the type species of the Tulipa genus, in his honour. In fact, Catholic booksellers in Venice protested the Inquisition's blanket ban on Gessner's books, and some of his work was eventually allowed after it had been "cleaned" of its doctrinal errors. [8] In addition to his monumental work on animal life, the Historiae animalium (1551–1558),[19] he amassed a very large collection of notes and wood engravings of plants, but only published two botanical works in his lifetime, Historia plantarum et vires (1541)[20] and the Catalogus plantarum (1542)[21] in four languages. De differentiis linguarum [...],[23] an account of about 130 known languages, with the Lord's Prayer in twenty-two languages. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography (Bibliotheca universalis 1545–1549) and zoology (Historia animalium 1551–1558) and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. Gesner (Gessner), Conrad: Sammelband mit drei zoologischen Werken. In the last decade of his life he began to compile his major botanical work, Historia plantarum. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet Gesner. His early life was one of poverty and hardship,[3] but Gessner's father realized his talents, and sent him to live with and be schooled by a great uncle, who grew and collected medicinal herbs for a living. [22][4], There was extreme religious tension at the time that Historia animalium came out. 26, 1516. He also produced edited works of a number of classical authors (see Edited works), including Claudius Aelianus (1556)[24]} and Marcus Aurelius (1559). GESNER, Conrad (1516-1565). But religious persecution forced him to leave Paris for Strasbourg, but being unable to secure employment, returned to Zürich. There he broadened his knowledge of ancient languages by studying Hebrew. By assembling this universal library of information, Gessner put together a database centuries before computers would ease such work. 2) Vogelbuch. A number of plants and animals have been named after him. Superb woodcut from Gessner's FIRST EDITION of the THIERBUCH, 1563. Thierbuch das is ein kurtze b[e]schreybung aller vierfüssigen thiern so … , 1563. ISBN 978-1-135-58255-5.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) He even attempted to establish a "universal library" of all books in existence. This rising observational approach was new to Renaissance scholars because people usually relied completely upon Classical writers for their research. [3] One of his teachers in Zürich acted as a foster father to him after the death of his father at the Battle of Kappel (1531), another provided him with three years of board and lodging, while yet another arranged his further education at the upper school in Strasbourg, the Strasbourg Academy. Gessner's great zoological work, Historia animalium,[19] is a 4,500-page encyclopedia of animals that appeared in Zürich in 4 volumes between 1551 and 1558: quadrupeds, amphibians, birds, and fishes. Su Historia Animalium en cuatro volúmenes (1551-1558) se considera el principio de la zoología moderna. By creating your free Catawiki account, you’ll be able to bid on any of our 50,000 special objects up for auction every week. He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and botany. Gessner was a medical doctor and professor at the Carolinum in Zürich, the precursor of the University of Zurich. The woodcuts for Amongst his students was Felix Plater, who became a professor of medicine, and accumulated many plant specimens, but also illustrations of animals used in Historiae animalium. • Applebaum, Wilbur, ed. The project might sound strange to the modern mind, but Gessner invested tremendous energy in the project. A second part, a thematic index to the work, Pandectarum sive partitionum universalium libri xxi,[31] appeared in 1548. El seu llibre en 6 volums Historiae animalium (1551–1558) es considera l'inici de la moderna zoologia, i el gènere de plantes Gesneria (dins la família Gesneriaceae) reben aquest nom en honor seu. In addition to his duties there, and apart from a few journeys to foreign countries, and annual summer botanical journeys in his native land, and illnesses, he was able to devote himself to research and writing. Gessner’s associations with a vast array of European scholars proved invaluable during the compilation of the work. He was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist. Conrad Gessner (also Konrad Gesner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. You can set your cookie preferences using the toggles below. Gessner first attended the Carolinum in Zürich, then later entered the Fraumünster seminary. Su Historia Animalium en cuatro volúmenes (1551-1558) se considera el principio de la zoología moderna. durch Rudolf Heußlin mit fleyß in das Teutsch gebracht. At the time of his death, Gesner had published 72 books, and written 18 more unpublished manuscripts. A genus of moths is also named Gesneria after him. However he then obtained paid leave of absence to study medicine at the University of Basel (1536). Gessner, Conrad. Although primarily for purposes of botanical collection, he also extolled mountain climbing for the sake of exercise and enjoyment of the beauties of nature. A German translation of the first 4 volumes titled Thierbuch was published in Zürich in 1563. Das ist eine kurtze beschreybung aller vierfüssigen Thieren (.) A German translation of the first 4 volumes titled Thierbůch was published in Zürich in 1563. His work on plants was not published until centuries after his death. Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. [33], Over his lifetime, Gessner amassed a considerable collection of plants and seeds and made extensive notes and wood engravings. (en latín) o Historia de los animales, es un catálogo zoológico escrito por Conrad von Gesner y publicado en Zúrich entre los años 1551 y 1587. "[37], To his contemporaries, Gessner was known as "the Swiss Pliny." Conrad Gessner (* 16. oder 26. Historia animalium includes sketches for many well-known animals, and some fictional ones, including unicorns and mermaids. Conrad Gessner (Latin: Conradus Gesnerus) 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. Destaca su tratado de zoología Historia animalium, considerada el punto de partida de la Zoología moderna. Conrad Gessner (Konrad Gessner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 de març de 1516 – 13 de desembre de 1565) va ser un zoòleg, botànic i bibliògraf suís. Conr. Conrad Gessner (/ˈɡɛsnər/; Latin: Conradus Gesnerus[a] 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. In all, about twelve thousand titles were included. Some damaged pages, repaired margins, Rare but some pages Are teared or Have small pieces of an page missing. Conrad Gessner is considered a major encyclopedist of the 16 th century. He first saw a tulip in April 1559, growing in the garden of the magistrate Johann Heinrich Herwart at Augsberg, and called it Tulipa turcarum, the Turkish tulip. [39][40] Gessner and others founded the Physikalische Gesellschaft in Zurich, which later became the Naturforschende Gesellschaft in Zürich (NGZH) in 1746, to promote the study of natural sciences. Gessner's great zoological work, Historiae animalium, is a 4,500-page encyclopedia of animals that appeared in Zürich in 4 volumes between 1551 and 1558: quadrupeds, amphibians, birds, and fishes. Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Zürich, ). Reference: Nissen THIERBUCH 59. folio), publicando él mismo únicamente Enchiridion historiae plantarum (iszli) y el Catalogus plantarum (1542) en cuatro idiomas. Conrad GESNER (naskiĝis la 26-an de marto, 1516, mortis la 13-an de decembro, 1565) estis svisa kuracisto kaj natursciencisto.. Gesner naskiĝis en Zuriko.Studinte medicinon, li unue laboris kiel instruisto. But when Gessner doubted the accuracy of the opinions he relayed in his own writings, or the validity of the illustrations he included, he clearly said so. In 1541 he prefixed to his treatise on milk and milk products, Libellus de lacte et operibus lactariis[6] a letter addressed to his friend Jacob Avienus (Vogel)[7][b] of Glarus on the wonders to be found among the mountains, declaring his love for them, and his firm resolve to climb at least one mountain every year, not only to collect flowers, but in order to exercise his body. In Historia animalium Gessner combines data from old sources, such as the Old Testament, Aristotle, Pliny, folklore, and medieval bestiaries, adding his own observations. With the Famous Rhinocerus Woodcut after The original design by Albrecht Durer.The book looks complete, however it is uncertain how every edition was compiled. Conrad Gesner (1516-1565) - Thierbuch - 1563/1563 Description Conrad Gesner (1516-1565) ... Conrad Gessner (Latin: Conradus Gesnerus) 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. He then returned to Zürich to practice medicine, which he continued to do for the rest of his life. Conrad Gessner was born on 26 March 1516, in Zürich, Switzerland, the son of Ursus Gessner, a poor Zürich furrier. [12][13] He is also credited with being the first person to describe brown adipose tissue, in 1551,[14] in 1565 the first to document the pencil,[15] and in 1563 among the first Europeans to write about the effects of tobacco.[16]. There he attended the University of Bourges and University of Paris. His works were included into this Index of prohibited books medieval and modern 150. Family Gesneriaceae are named after conrad gessner thierbuch historian and illustrator la zoología moderna punto de partida la... His writings, Thierbuch ( Animal book ), 1563 a `` universal library of,! 1753 Carl Linnaeus named Tulipa gesneriana, the son of Ursus Gessner e... Convictions of an page missing for the work, Historia plantarum y el Catalogus (... 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